List of Legumes

For those of you who, like me, have legume allergies, here’s a list of all sorts of legumes that you might have never thought were legumes.

  • Acacia
  • Berbera gum
  • Cape gum
  • Gum arabic
  • Indian gum
  • Kordofan gum
  • Mogadore gum
  • Senegal gum
  • Sunt gum
  • Wattles
  • Alfalfa
  • Arabic/Gum Arabic (derived from acacia)
  • Astragalus
  • Milk vetch
  • Goat’s thorn
  • Locoweed
  • Tragacanth gum
  • Bean sprouts
  • Beans – Baked – Black – Black turtle – Broad – Brown – Butter – Fagioli – Fava – Garbanzos (another name for chickpeas) – Great Northern – Guar – Haricot – Jack – Kidney – Lima – Masur – Mongo – Mung – Navy – Pink – Pinto – Red – Snap – Tonka – Wax – White
  • Carob
  • Locust bean gum
  • St. John’s Bread
  • Carob fruit
  • Cassia (this is a confusing one because there is the cassia tree which is not a legume, and then there are the cassia legumes)
    • may be in curry (but is probably the cassia tree bark, which is similar in taste to cinnamon)
    • may be in Ketchup (not sure if it is cassia tree or cassia gum legume, the Thickener and gelling agent)
  • sickle senna – Chinese senna – sicklepod
  • coffee weed
  • coffee pod
  • java bean
  • arsenic weed
  • Clover Fenugreek – in curry, chutney, and/or dhal – in cinnamon – in halva – may be in pickles
  • Garbanzos – gram flour – hummus – in Burmese Tofu – in falafel – in farinata – in Indian food “chana” – in poppadoms
  • Gram flour (derived from garbanzos)
  • Green beans
  • Guar gum
  • Karaya gum (I have seen this on other lists, but it is not a legume)
  • Licorice
  • Locust trees – Black Locust – Honey Locust – Locust bean gum (derived from carob fruit)
  • Lupins
  • Lentils – in dal
  • Mesquite – in barbeque liquid smoke – in charcoal
  • Peanuts
  • Peas – Blackeyed Peas – chickpeas/Garbanzos – Cowpeas – Field pea – Green – Purple hull – Snow Peas – Split Peas – Couscous!!
  • Rooibos – in tea
  • Senna (another name for cassia) – in laxatives – may be in curry (but is probably just the cassia tree bark, rather than the cassia legume)
  • Sennaar gum
  • Soy
  • String beans
  • Suakin/savakin gum (derived from acacias)
  • Talca/talha gum (derived from acacias)
  • Tamarind – in Worcester sauce – in HP sauce – used as an herbal tea – in sambhar – in chutneys – in many Mexican candies, one is called pulparindo
  • Tragacanth gum (derived from astragalus)
  • Urd – Black Lentils – Black gram
  • Urid
  • Urad
  • White Lentils – in dal – in curries – in papad
  • Vetch (genus vicia)
  • Wattle gum

 

Other names for Soy:

  • Akara
  • Shoyu
  • Edamame
  • Soja
  • Glycine Max
  • Soya Isolates
  • Soybean Isoflavones
  • Soy sauce
  • Lecithin
  • Tamari
  • Miso
  • Tempeh
  • Natto
  • Tocopherol
  • Mono- and diglycerides
  • Tofu
  • Olean
  • Vermicelli/glass noodles (bean thread)
  • Okara
  • Vitamin E (usually derived from soy)
  • Lecithin
  • Yuba